Can a Bearded Dragon Eat Earthworms?

Earthworms offer several potential benefits when incorporated into a bearded dragon’s diet. These benefits include a source of protein, moisture, and essential nutrients. Additionally, earthworms can be a great enrichment food for your bearded dragon, promoting natural hunting behaviors and mental stimulation. However, it’s essential to consider their nutritional profile and potential risks before feeding them to your dragon.

Nutritional Profile of Earthworms

Earthworms are highly nutritious and can provide valuable nutrients for bearded dragons. They are rich in protein, a vital component of their diet, aiding in muscle growth and development. Earthworms also contain essential amino acids, such as methionine and lysine, which are necessary for overall health. Furthermore, earthworms are a good source of calcium, which is crucial for bone strength, and they also contain beneficial vitamins and minerals.

A typical nutritional profile of earthworms per 100g[^1^]:

  • Protein: 18g
  • Fat: 0.6g
  • Fiber: 1.5g
  • Calcium: 800mg
  • Phosphorus: 210mg
  • Vitamin A: 10,000 IU

Risks and Considerations

While earthworms can offer nutritional benefits, there are a few risks and considerations to keep in mind before including them in your bearded dragon’s diet. One concern is the potential presence of parasites or pathogens in earthworms, especially if they are sourced from the wild. It’s crucial to ensure that the earthworms you offer to your bearded dragon are from a reliable source and have been appropriately raised and treated to minimize these risks.

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Another consideration is the size of the earthworms. Young bearded dragons may struggle with larger worms and could potentially choke on them. It’s important to choose appropriately sized earthworms that can be easily consumed by your dragon. Always supervise your dragon during feeding to ensure they are handling and swallowing the worms safely.

How to Feed Earthworms to Your Bearded Dragon

When introducing earthworms into your bearded dragon’s diet, it’s essential to follow these guidelines for a safe and balanced feeding experience:

Source healthy earthworms: Purchase earthworms from a reputable supplier to ensure they are free from parasites and pathogens. Avoid using earthworms from your garden unless you are confident they are safe and pesticide-free.

Choose the right size: Select earthworms that are appropriate for your dragon’s size. Younger dragons will require smaller worms, while adult dragons can handle larger ones.

Offer live or pre-killed worms: Bearded dragons typically enjoy hunting live prey, which can provide mental stimulation. However, if you’re concerned about the worms causing any harm, you can pre-kill them before offering them to your dragon.

Use feeding tongs: To prevent accidental bites or aggression towards your fingers, use feeding tongs to offer earthworms to your bearded dragon. This also allows for better control and ensures your dragon consumes the worms safely.

Supplement with calcium: While earthworms contain calcium, the calcium-to-phosphorus ratio may not be ideal. To maintain a healthy balance, it’s recommended to dust the worms with a calcium supplement before feeding them to your dragon. This helps prevent calcium deficiency and metabolic bone disease.

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Can a bearded dragon eat earthworms as a staple diet?

No, earthworms should not be the sole staple diet for a bearded dragon. While they offer some nutritional benefits, a varied diet is crucial for their overall health. Earthworms can be included as part of a diverse and balanced diet, along with other suitable feeder insects and vegetables.

Can earthworms cause digestive issues in bearded dragons?

In general, earthworms are well-tolerated by bearded dragons. However, individual dragons may have different sensitivities. It’s essential to monitor your dragon after introducing earthworms to their diet and watch for any signs of digestive upset, such as diarrhea or lack of appetite. If any issues arise, consult a reptile veterinarian.

How often can I feed earthworms to my bearded dragon?

Earthworms can be offered as a treat or supplemental food for your bearded dragon. They should not make up a large portion of their diet. Feeding earthworms once or twice a week, in moderation, is generally recommended. Remember to maintain a balanced diet that includes other suitable feeder insects and vegetables.

Can bearded dragons eat earthworms found in my garden?

While bearded dragons can eat earthworms found in gardens, it’s important to consider potential risks. Earthworms may have come into contact with pesticides, fertilizers, or other chemicals that can be harmful to your dragon. If you choose to feed garden earthworms, ensure the area is free from any potentially toxic substances.

Should earthworms be offered live or pre-killed?

Bearded dragons are natural hunters, and offering live prey can provide mental stimulation and mimic their natural feeding behaviors. However, if you have concerns about the worms causing harm or if your dragon is not accustomed to live prey, you can pre-kill the worms before feeding them. This ensures your dragon can safely consume them without any risk of injury.

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Are there any alternatives to earthworms for bearded dragons?

Yes, there are several suitable alternatives to earthworms that can be incorporated into your bearded dragon’s diet. Some common options include crickets, mealworms, dubia roaches, silkworms, and hornworms. It’s important to offer a variety of feeder insects to provide a balanced nutritional intake for your dragon.


In conclusion, bearded dragons can eat earthworms as part of a varied and balanced diet. Earthworms offer protein, moisture, and essential nutrients, making them a beneficial addition to your dragon’s feeding routine. However, it’s crucial to ensure the earthworms are sourced from a reliable supplier and that they are an appropriate size for your dragon. Remember to always supervise feeding sessions and provide a calcium supplement to maintain a healthy calcium-to-phosphorus ratio. By following these guidelines, you can safely offer earthworms to your bearded dragon and enhance their dietary variety and enjoyment.